H. Francis Bate (1853 – 1950) Bate studied at the South Kensington Schools and at the Antwerp Academy of Arts under Charles Verlat. He exhibited his paintings in London at the Grosvenor Gallery, Goupil Gallery, London Salon, New English Art Club, Royal Society of British Artists, as well as the Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham, Manchester City Art Gallery, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. In 1887 he was elected a member of the New English Art Club, acting as Honorary Treasurer from 1885 to 1886 and Honorary Secretary from 1888 to 1919. He was also the author of a book, The Naturalistic School of Painting, which had gone through two editions by 1887. He ran a art school in Hammersmith, West London, where progressive Roger Fry studied in 1889. Fry owned a copy of the second edition of Bate’s book.