Goya (y Lucientes), Francisco (José) de (1746-1828) by Scholes, Robert

Goya (y Lucientes), Francisco (José) de (1746 – 1828) He was born in Fuendetodos, Spain and died in Bordeaux, France. The family later moved to Saragossa, where Goya’s father worked as a gilder. At the age of 14 Goya was apprenticed to Jose Luzan, a local painter. Then he moved to Madrid, where he learned from the Venetian painters working there, and encountered the work of . Later he went to Italy to continue his study of art. Returning to Spain he worked on religious subjects and society portraits, but personal and political events changed his life. An illness made him deaf in 1792, which changed his relationship to those around him, and Napolean invaded Spain in 1808, which changed his relationship to society at large. These two changes generated the private horros he depicted in the series of works he called Caprichos and the public horrors in Los Desastros de la Guerra, 1812-1815, which were not made public until 1863, long after his death. His work was very important to , and thus helped to open the way to modernism in the arts. Information about him and images of his work are widely available. Velazquez Manet

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