Edouard-Marcel Sandoz (1881 – 1971) He was born in Basle, Switzerland on March 21st 1881. After studying chemistry, Sandoz decided to turn to sculpture. He studied for three years at the School of Industrial Arts in Geneva then moved to Paris where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. He apprenticed under the sculptor Antonin Mercie and the painter Ferdinand Cormon. During the First World War, due to the shortage of stone and bronze, Sandoz turned to porcelain for his sculptures and thus began his thirty year association with the Haviland company in Limoge. His present reputation is based on this work, especially his representations of animals, which made him a leader among the artists the French call “animaliers.” But his earlier work was noticed by Anthony Ludovici in : The New Age (NA 15:2:44) To the right of the entrance hall is a striking group by Edouard Marcel Sandoz, entitled “L’Homme enchainé par l’amour” (No. 1,934). The attitude of the man (the artist?) endeavouring to free himsel from woman’s embrace is very good indeed. As a symbol of the greatest tragedy on earth–the struggle between the creative and the reproductive instincts–this is excellent.